Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for about 20% of total lung cancer, and systemic chemotherapy is the major therapy for all stages of SCLC. Although most SCLC patients are characterized by initial chemosensitivity to the standard first-line platinum-based regimens, a significant fraction of patients are intrinsic nonresponders.
Genome-wide scan of 440 093 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was conducted using peripheral blood DNA to identify variants associated with response to first-line carboplatin or cisplatin plus etoposide chemotherapy in 245 patients with SCLC and the results were replicated in another set of 183 patients.
By set association analysis, 20 SNPs were identified to be associated with treatment response, with odds ratios (95% confidence interval) ranging from 2.36 (1.56-3.57) to 4.38 (2.12-9.29) and these results were confirmed in the replication phase. Most of these SNPs (14/20) were clustered on chromosomes 22p11.23, 6q24.3, and 20p12.2 containing BTBD3, STXBP5, and BCR genes.
Germline genetic variations influence the effectiveness of platinum-based chemotherapy of SCLC and further studies are needed to test the value of these findings for personalized chemotherapy.
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